中英對照讀新聞》Ukrainian military long on morale but short on weaponry 烏克蘭軍隊心有餘力不足


2022/01/05 05:30

◎管淑平

When Russia annexed Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula and threw its support behind separatists in the country’s east more than seven years ago, Kyiv’s underfunded and disorganized armed forces struggled to mount a credible response.

7年多前俄羅斯吞併烏克蘭的克里米亞半島,並支持該國東部的分離主義者,當時基輔政府的武裝部隊經費不足又組織散亂,難於給予有效的回應。

Now, amid fears that a Russian troop buildup near Ukraine’s border could signal a possible attack, military experts say Moscow would face stronger resistance this time.

現在,在擔心俄羅斯於烏克蘭邊境增兵可能是發動攻擊的訊號之際,軍事專家說,莫斯科這次會面臨更強大的抵抗。

But they emphasize that Ukraine would be well short of what it needs to counter Russia’s overwhelming superiority.

但是這些專家強調,烏克蘭仍十分欠缺反抗俄羅斯壓倒性優勢所需的能力。

Years of fighting the separatists have given Ukrainian veterans like Col. Viacheslav Vlasenko the battlefield experience for such a fight. "We Ukrainians are defending our land, and there is no place for us to retreat,’’ said Vlasenko. (AP)

多年打擊分離主義者的戰鬥經驗,讓弗拉申科上校這種烏克蘭退伍軍人,具備投入這類戰事的戰場經驗。「我們烏克蘭人在捍衛我們的土地,我們沒有退縮的空間」,弗拉申科說。(美聯社)

新聞辭典

long on sth. and short on sth.:片語,某項特質見長,但另一項不足。例句:Critics found his movies to be long on style but short on content.(評論認為他的電影別具風格,但內容空洞。)

mount:動詞,舉行,發動。例句:The enemy mounted a surprise attack at dawn.(敵軍發動拂曉突襲。)

overwhelming:形容詞,極為龐大的,壓倒性的。例句:An overwhelming majority has voted against the proposal.(絕大多數的人投票反對這項提案。)

  • 烏克蘭軍隊去年12月23日在頓內茨演習。(美聯社)

    烏克蘭軍隊去年12月23日在頓內茨演習。(美聯社)